Critically unwell patients often present with inadequate oxygenation and ventilation, in this episode we’re going to explore some of the physiology of critical illness, look at how we can improve oxygenation and ventilation, take a look mechanical ventilation and have a think about how we can deliver this to a really high level.

We’ll be covering the following;

  • Type 1 & 2 respiratory failure
  • Breathing assessment
  • Optimising patients own ventilation
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Modes of ventilation
  • Setting up a ventilator; tidal volume, RR, FiO2, I:E ratios, dead space
  • End tidal CO2
  • Optimising oxygenation & ventilation
  • Hand ventilation
  • Ventilation in cardiac arrest

Once again we’d love to hear any thoughts or feedback either on the website or via twitter @TheResusRoom.


Simon, Rob & James

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Physiology, Tidal Volume. StatPearls. Hallett. 2021

Acute Respiratory Failure. Stratton. BMJ. 2021

The cardiovascular effects of positive pressure ventilation. Corp. BJA. 2021

End-tidal and arterial carbon dioxide gradient in serious traumatic brain injury after prehospital emergency anaesthesia: a retrospective observational study. James Price. Emerg Med J. 2020

AAGBI: Safer pre-hospital anaesthesia 2017

Correlation between the levels of SpO2 and PaO2. Arun Madan. Lung India. 2017

ARDSNet Studies

Effects of patient positioning on respiratory mechanics in mechanically ventilated ICU patients. Mehdi Mezidi. Ann Transl Med. 2018

The impact of introducing real time feedback on ventilation rate and tidal volume by ambulance clinicians in the North East in cardiac arrest simulations. Karl Charlton. Resusc Plus. 2021

Reliability of mechanical ventilation during continuous chest compressions: a crossover study of transport ventilators in a human cadaver model of CPR. Simon Orlob. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2021

The Ventilator Part 1; PHEMCAST

The Ventilator Part 2; PHEMCAST

Basics of Ventilation; Paediatric FOAMed

CCSV Ventilation Mode; Weinmann

LITFL; Mechanical Ventilation

Course Content

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