January 2017

Here are the papers that caught our eye over the last month, many of these will go onto form the topics for our monthly podcasts and topics which you can subscribe to here.



Failure rate of prehospital chest decompression after severe thoracic trauma. Kaserer A. Am J Emerg Med. 2016

Comparison of Etomidate and Ketamine for Induction During Rapid Sequence Intubation of Adult Trauma Patients. Upchurch CP. Ann Emerg Med. 2017

Mortality following helicopter versus ground transport of injured children. Polites SF, et al. Injury. 2016.

Cardiac Arrest


In Patients With Cardiac Arrest, Does Amiodarone or Lidocaine Increase Meaningful Survival? Hunter BR, et al. Ann Emerg Med. 2016.

Prophylactic versus clinically-driven antibiotics in comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest-A randomized pilot study. Ribaric SF. Resuscitation. 2016 Dec

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation duration and survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients. Adnet F. Resuscitation. 2016

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest without return of spontaneous circulation in the field: Who are the survivors? Xiong Y, et al. Resuscitation. 2016.



Improving the Safety of Rapid Sequence Intubation in the Emergency Department. Sakles JC. Ann Emerg Med. 2017

A randomised controlled trial comparing transnasal humidified rapid insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) pre-oxygenation with facemask pre-oxygenation in patients undergoing rapid sequence induction of anaesthesia. Mir F, et al. Anaesthesia. 2016.

Evaluation of gum-elastic bougie combined with direct and indirect laryngoscopes in vomitus setting: A randomized simulation trial. Ohchi F, et al. Am J Emerg Med. 2016.

Critical Care


Mortality and Prehospital Blood Pressure in Patients With Major Traumatic Brain Injury: Implications for the Hypotension Threshold. Spaite DW. JAMA Surg. 2016



Predictors of 30-day mortality in patients admitted to emergency departments for acute heart failure. Marchetti M, et al. Am J Emerg Med. 2016.

Emergency Department Cardiopulmonary Evaluation of Low-Risk Chest Pain Patients with Self-Reported Stress and Anxiety. Musey PI Jr. J Emerg Med. 2016

The suspicious relation between syncope and echocardiographic abnormalities. Celik A, et al. Am J Emerg Med. 2016.



Factors predicting failure of noninvasive ventilation assist for preventing reintubation among medical critically ill patients. Thomrongpairoj P. J Crit Care. 2016

Retrospective validation of the pulmonary embolism rule-out criteria rule in ‘PE unlikely’ patients with suspected pulmonary embolism. Crane S. Eur J Emerg Med. 2016

Nasal flaring as a clinical sign of respiratory acidosis in patients with dyspnea. Zorrilla-Riveiro JG, et al. Am J Emerg Med. 2016.



Resuscitation attempts and duration in traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Beck B, et al. Resuscitation. 2016.

Consensus statement: Surgical stabilization of rib fractures rib fracture colloquium clinical practice guidelines. Pieracci FM, et al. Injury. 2016.

 Other areas of interest


Lactate – Arterial and Venous Agreement in Sepsis: a prospective observational study. Datta D. Eur J Emerg Med. 2016

Is Fixing Pediatric Nail Bed Injuries With Medical Adhesives as Effective as Suturing?: A Review of the Literature. Edwards S, et al. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016.

Antibiotics-First Versus Surgery for Appendicitis: A US Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Allowing Outpatient Antibiotic Management. Talan DA, et al. Ann Emerg Med. 2016.

Comparison of Intravenous Ketorolac at Three Single-Dose Regimens for Treating Acute Pain in the Emergency Department: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Motov S. Ann Emerg Med. 2016

A randomized-controlled trial of a patient-centred intervention in high-risk discharged older patients. Arendts G, et al. Eur J Emerg Med. 2016.

Can Patient Variables Measured on Arrival to the Emergency Department Predict Disposition in Medium-acuity Patients? Riordan JP, et al. J Emerg Med. 2016.

Pain Assessment in Children Younger Than 8 Years in Out-of-Hospital Emergency Medicine: Reliability and Validity of EVENDOL Score. Beltramini A, et al. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016.

We look forward to bringing you some of these papers in future podcasts, if there’s anything in particular you’d like to hear then leave a comment at the bottom of the page.

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